When to Use a Functional or Chronological Résumé

There are basically two types of résumés, the chronological and the functional. Each is best suited for certain types of jobs more than others while you can do a hybrid mix of the two in most jobs.  Knowing the difference can often spell the difference between getting interviewed or not.

A chronological résumé is best for jobs where the criteria for acceptance are more on the years of experience and works done in the same job.  These jobs are often rank and files jobs which have specific narrow tasks where there is not that many functional richness to gauge versatility that is not needed in the job.  A programmer is often gauged with their number of years in the profession.  There’s not much functional variety in the position and a chronological résumé detailing what programs you have coded over the years and in what companies you have served determine your acceptability in the new position.

On the other hand, a functional résumé is best for jobs that cover a diverse range of functional richness such as a management position where functions like planning, budgeting, supervising, executing policies, managing limited resources, hiring and firing along with presenting ideas and communicating with subordinates are involved. A functional résumé emphasizes functional summaries in each of these areas and your skills you have in these areas.

A hybrid mix of the two is fairly common, especially when the résumé covers both functional richness and a long experiential timeline that covers a rich career history where the applicant can show he has climbed the ranks over the years.

Category: Resume Articles

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